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Welcome to Refinery Life Australia.

This week we start a new series titled “Standing firm under stress” the messages will come from Peter’s first epistle.

Peter knew what it meant to be under pressure, and he wrote to people who were under the pressure of persecution. 

His book speaks to the personal needs of God’s people today.

Introduction to the First Epistle of Peter

Text

1 Peter 1:2 (AMP)

2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father by the sanctifying work of the Spirit to be obedient to Jesus Christ and to be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace [that special sense of spiritual well-being] be yours in increasing abundance [as you walk closely with God].

Scripture Reading.

1 Peter 1:1-2; 5:12-14 (AMP)

1 Peter 1:1-2 (AMP)

A Living Hope, and a Sure Salvation

1 Peter, an apostle (special messenger, personally chosen representative) of Jesus Christ,

To those [elect—both Jewish and Gentile believers] who live as exiles, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia [Minor], and Bithynia, who are chosen 

2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father by the sanctifying work of the Spirit to be obedient to Jesus Christ and to be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace [that special sense of spiritual well-being] be yours in increasing abundance [as you walk closely with God].

1 Peter 5:12-14 (AMP)

12 By Silvanus, our faithful brother (as I consider him), I have written to you briefly, to counsel and testify that this is the true grace [the undeserved favor] of God. Stand firm in it! 

13 She [the church] who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son [in the faith], Mark. 

14 Greet one another with a kiss of love.

To all of you who are in Christ, may there be peace.

Introduction 

For nine successive Sunday evenings you are invited to enjoy the blessings that come from a study of 1 Peter.

Today we begin with an introduction.

  1. Who wrote the letter?

1 Peter 1:1 (AMP)

A Living Hope, and a Sure Salvation

1 Peter, an apostle (special messenger, personally chosen representative) of Jesus Christ,

The internal evidence confirms that Peter is the writer, and his authorship makes this letter the universal testimony of primitive Christianity.

Peter was brought to Jesus by his brother, Andrew, see Matthew 4:18-22, Mark 1:16-20, and Luke 5:1-11.

He was one of the Twelve who Jesus chose from His disciples and named as apostles in Luke 6:12-16.

Peter called himself as a fellow elder and as an eyewitness [called to testify] of the sufferings of Christ, as well as one who shares in the glory that is to be revealed, in 1 Peter 5:1.

In 2 Peter 1:1 (AMP)

Growth in Christian Virtue

1 Simon Peter, a bond-servant and apostle (special messenger, personally chosen representative) of Jesus Christ,

2. Through who was the letter written?

1 Peter 5:12 (AMP) says,

12 By Silvanus, our faithful brother (as I consider him), I have written to you briefly, to counsel and testify that this is the true grace [the undeserved favor] of God. Stand firm in it!

Silvanus was Silas, and Silas was Pauls travelling companion and scribe..

Some of Silas’s style can be detected in the letter.

3. To who was the letter written?

A. 1 Peter 1:1 (AMP)

To those [elect—both Jewish and Gentile believers] who live as exiles, scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia [Minor], and Bithynia, who are chosen.

The letter was directed to those who had travelled from their homeland because of conquest, trade, or some other reason.

B. Peter addressed himself to “God’s elect.”

He referred to the saved people dispersed in there Roman provinces of Asia Minor, an area that is now Turkey.

C. Note the trinity in their salvation.

1 Peter 1:2 (AMP)

2 according to the foreknowledge of God the Father by the sanctifying work of the Spirit to be obedient to Jesus Christ and to be sprinkled with His blood: May grace and peace [that special sense of spiritual well-being] be yours in increasing abundance [as you walk closely with God].

  1. The foreknowledge of God the Father

2. The sanctification of the Spirit.

3. The sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ.

Compare Exodus 12:12-14 (AMP)

12 For I [the Lord] will pass through the land of Egypt on this night, and will strike down all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and animal; against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments [exhibiting their worthlessness]. I am the Lord. 

13 The blood shall be a sign for you on [the doorposts of] the houses where you live; when I see the blood I shall pass over you, and no affliction shall happen to you to destroy you when I strike the land of Egypt.

Feast of Unleavened Bread

14 ‘Now this day will be a memorial to you, and you shall keep it as a feast to the Lord; throughout your generations you are to celebrate it as an ordinance forever.

Psalm 51:7 (AMP)

7 Purify me with [a]hyssop, and I will be clean; Wash me, and I will be whiter than snow.

Matthew 26:28 (AMP)

28 for this is My blood of the [new and better] covenant, which [ratifies the agreement and] is being poured out for many [as a [a]substitutionary atonement] for the forgiveness of sins.

Are these things not all symbols of what God does to cover our sins?

4. Where was the letter written?

Peter wrote the letter in Babylon.

1 Peter 5:13 (AMP)

13 She [the church] who is in Babylon, chosen together with you, sends you greetings, and so does my son [in the faith], Mark.

Peter considered Mark his son in the ministry.

The Gospel of Mark was written through the eyes of Peter.

Is Babylon a mystical substitute for Rome?

Later in the book of Revelation it is used as a substitute.

Why not the literal Babylon?

There is no reason why Peter should not have travelled as far to the east as Paul did to the west.

5. When was the letter written?

The date of writing is not entirely clear.

A good guess would be around AD 64 or 65.

The Roman  emperor Nero died on June 9, AD 68.

The letter reflects the persecution that had begun in Nero’s reign in AD 64 and spread to the provinces.

Peter seemed to be familiar with the early letters of Paul but not with the pastoral Epistles.

6. Why was the letter written?

1 Peter 5:12 (AMP) says

12 I have written to you briefly, to counsel and testify that this is the true grace [the undeserved favor] of God. Stand firm in it!

Although Peter’s theme was “the true grace of God,” his purpose seems more practical than doctrinal.

He was exhorting and witnessing.

His purpose. Was to cheer and strengthen scattered Christians who were enduring fiery trials.

For evidence of these trials you can look at 1 Peter 1:6-7, 2:12, 4:12-13, 5:10.

Conclusion.

The salutation of the letter illustrates how the gospel unites both jew and Gentile into “one new humanity out of the two, thus making peace” that’s Ephesians 2:15.

“Grace” was the usual salutation in letters among the Gentiles.

“Peace” was the usual salutation in letters among the Jews.

Christianity filled both with content before unknown.

Grace which had meant greeting, became the unmerited love and mercy of God.

Peace became the peace that passes human understanding, peace between God and humans through Jesus Christ and, as a result, between humans.

Until next time

Stay in the Blessings

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I really want to encourage you to be diligent with your Bible study time, because God has so much more for us than we can get from just going to church once or twice a week and hearing someone else talk about the Word.

When you spend time with God, your life will change in amazing ways, because God is a Redeemer.

Theres nothing thats too hard for Him, and He can make you whole, spirit, soul and body!

You’re important to God, and you’re important to us at www.refinerylife.org

When it comes to prayer, we believe that God wants to meet your needs and reveal His promises to you.

So whatever you’re concerned about and need prayer for we want to be here for you! Or even if you just want to say Hi, you can contact us

2020 IS A YEAR OF CLARITY

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