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Welcome to Refinery Life Australia.

This week we are continuing our series on Sunday nights titled “Jesus Christ as Our High Priest.”

The book of Hebrews isn’t the most popular book in the New Testament.

In many respects it is neglected.

The Jewish, or Old Testament, back ground that permeates every chapter has probably contributed to its neglect by many pastors.

The book of Hebrews portrays an exalted concept of Jesus Christ.

This week we are talking about,

Christ, The Testator.

Text

Hebrews 9:14 (ESV)

14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.

Scripture Reading.

Hebrews 9:1-28 (ESV)

Introduction

The technical aspects of instituting a new covenant are considered in this chapter.

The author said in, Hebrews 9:16 (ESV)

16 For where a will is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established.

The testator is one who effects a covenant (testament).

Each covenant has its own conditions for agreement, and these must be met for the covenant to be valid.

Death on the testator’s part is declared to be the condition of the covenant.

Jesus Christ gave validity to the new covenant by His death.

To fully appreciate the Testator’s ministry, we must have knowledge of the old covenant.

The end result of the Testator’s new covenant is the promise of an even greater relationship between God and humankind.

Hebrews 9:28 (ESV)

28 so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.

The Old Covenant. Hebrews 9:1-10.

A wise minister always starts with a congregation where they are and brings them to a place where they ought to be.

This is the approach of the author of the letter to the Hebrews.

He begins with “the first covenant” and its “ordinances of divine service, and a worldly sanctuary”

Hebrews 9:1 (ESV)

The Earthly Holy Place

9 Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly place of holiness.

The setting

Hebrews 9:2-5 (ESV)

2 For a tent was prepared, the first section, in which were the lampstand and the table and the bread of the Presence. It is called the Holy Place.

3 Behind the second curtain was a second section called the Most Holy Place,

4 having the golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden urn holding the manna, and Aaron’s staff that budded, and the tablets of the covenant.

5 Above it were the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat. Of these things we cannot now speak in detail.

The writer of Hebrews gives the physical setting of the tabernacle.

The structure, its arrangement, and its furnishings are described in simple terms.

B. The procedure.

Hebrews 9:6-7 (ESV)

6 These preparations having thus been made, the priests go regularly into the first section, performing their ritual duties,

7 but into the second only the high priest goes, and he but once a year, and not without taking blood, which he offers for himself and for the unintentional sins of the people.

The writer also presents a brief description of the procedure used by the priests to administer the things of God.

Emphasis is placed on the fact that the priesthood to offer a sacrifice for himself as well as the people.

C. The meaning.

Hebrews 9:8-10 (ESV)

8 By this the Holy Spirit indicates that the way into the holy places is not yet opened as long as the first section is still standing

9 (which is symbolic for the present age). According to this arrangement, gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the conscience of the worshiper,

10 but deal only with food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until the time of reformation.

The first tabernacle was only a figure of the heavenly tabernacle.

The entire system of Levitical sacrifice pointed to the need for a new covenant, since the way into the heavenly Holy of Holies was not yet made manifest.

Another agreement between God and humankind was thus expected.

2. The new covenant. Hebrews 9:11-28.

The new covenant was brought into being out of necessity.

God’s old covenant did not fail, but the people failed in their response to it.

Founded on realism.

Hebrews 9:11 E (ESV)
Redemption Through the Blood of Christ

11 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come, then through the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation)

Christ came to establish the new covenant on “a greater and more perfect tabernacle.”

His ministry was not built on shadows, but on the realistic certainty of God.

B. Founded on His blood.

Hebrews 9:12-28 (ESV)

The heart of the whole matter was the Testator’s action.

How was He to accomplish His mission?

It had to be done through the shedding of His blood.

He Entered the Holy Place.

Hebrews 9:12-13 (ESV)

12 he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption.

13 For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh,

Christ entered the Holy Place of God through His own blood and obtained our eternal redemption.

He was the ultimate sacrifice.

2. Purges the conscience.

Hebrews 9:14 (ESV)

14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.

The Testator offered Himself flawless as a sacrifice for our sins.

Because of this, we are able to have our consciences purged from dead works and inspired to serve the living God.

3. Seals the testament.

Hebrews 9:15-23 (ESV)

15 Therefore he is the mediator of a new covenant, so that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance, since a death has occurred that redeems them from the transgressions committed under the first covenant.

16 For where a will is involved, the death of the one who made it must be established.

17 For a will takes effect only at death, since it is not in force as long as the one who made it is alive.

18 Therefore not even the first covenant was inaugurated without blood.

19 For when every commandment of the law had been declared by Moses to all the people, he took the blood of calves and goats, with water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people,

20 saying, “This is the blood of the covenant that God commanded for you.”

21 And in the same way he sprinkled with the blood both the tent and all the vessels used in worship.

22 Indeed, under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins.

23 Thus it was necessary for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these rites, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Christ’s sacrificial action on the cross met all demands for the new covenant.

The tenet is given that “under the law almost everything is purified with blood, and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness” in verse 22.

Jesus Christ shed His blood.

As Testator He met the requirements of the new covenant, and He did so out of love for lost humanity.

4. Appears before God.

Hebrews 9:24 (ESV)

24 For Christ has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf.

The Testator did not minister before a man made structure.

But upon His death, He went “to appear in the presence of God for us.”

5. One time sufficient.

Hebrews 9:25-28 (ESV)

25 Nor was it to offer himself repeatedly, as the high priest enters the holy places every year with blood not his own,

26 for then he would have had to suffer repeatedly since the foundation of the world. But as it is, he has appeared once for all at the end of the ages to put away sin by the sacrifice of himself.

27 And just as it is appointed for man to die once, and after that comes judgment,

28 so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.

In contrast to the priests of the old covenant, the Testator of the new covenant needed to suffer only one time.

Look at verse 28, so Christ, having been offered once to bear the sins of many, will appear a second time, not to deal with sin but to save those who are eagerly waiting for him.

3. The future relationship. Hebrews 9:28.

The relationship of the future cannot be called a covenant because Jesus Christ the Testator will not die again.

Yet there is a glorious future for those who believe in Christ.

The promise to the expectant.

A promise is given to those who expect future happiness through Christ.

B. The present covenant involves sin.

The new covenant required Christ’s death to deliver humankind from sin.

C. The future relationship without sin.

The future relationship will not involve sin.

Jesus will not come to minister to a sinful world.

Rather, He will return to rescue His redeemed for eternity.

Conclusion.
The horror of Jesus’ death as testator emphasises His love and our shame.

The hope of His second coming emphasises His love and our honour.

Until next time

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I really want to encourage you to be diligent with your Bible study time, because God has so much more for us than we can get from just going to church once or twice a week and hearing someone else talk about the Word.

When you spend time with God, your life will change in amazing ways, because God is a Redeemer.
Theres nothing thats too hard for Him, and He can make you whole, spirit, soul and body!

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