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Welcome to Refinery Life Australia.

This week we are continuing our series on Sunday nights titled “Jesus Christ as Our High Priest.”

The book of Hebrews isn’t the most popular book in the New Testament.

In many respects it is neglected.

The Jewish, or Old Testament, back ground that permeates every chapter has probably contributed to its neglect by many pastors.

The book of Hebrews portrays an exalted concept of Jesus Christ.

This week we are talking about,

Christ, Mediator of a Better Covenant.

Text

Hebrews 8:1-2 (ESV)

Jesus, High Priest of a Better Covenant

8 Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 

2 a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man.

Scripture Reading

Hebrews 8:1-13 (ESV)

Introduction 

A covenant is an agreement between two or more parties.

The Bible is built on two major covenants between God and humankind, the old and the new.

Hebrews 8 compares the two covenants.

Both were acceptable to God when He designated them to be applicable to humankind.

The prominent difference is that the old covenant was simply a shadow of the new covenant.

The mediator of the covenant of realism is Jesus Christ.

  1. Position of the Mediator Hebrews 8:1-2.

Hebrews 8:1-2 (ESV)

Jesus, High Priest of a Better Covenant

8 Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 

2 a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man.

A mediator is one who tries to bring two seperate parties to harmony on the same subject.

A priest also acts as a bridge between two points.

Therefore the concepts of mediator and priest carry the same basic idea of intercession.

Jesus Christ held a unique position that allowed Him to become the mediator of a better covenant.

  1. Heavenly High Priest 

Hebrews 8:1 (ESV)

Jesus occupies a heavenly seat.

His intimacy with the Father qualifies Him for the task of mediation

B. Minister of the sanctuary.

Hebrews 8:2 (ESV)

As mediator Jesus serves at the heavenly sanctuary.

He has total access to the Father’s throne.

C. The architect of realism.

Again Hebrews 8:2 (ESV)

Jesus ministers in the true tabernacle.

His actions are note based on a type system.

He not only founded the real tabernacle in John 1:3 (ESV) but continues its worship as well.

3 All things were made through him, and without him was not any thing made that was made.

He is qualified to present a new and better covenant to humankind.

2. Performance of the Mediator. Hebrews 8:3-6.

Hebrews 8:3-6 (ESV)

3 For every high priest is appointed to offer gifts and sacrifices; thus it is necessary for this priest also to have something to offer. 

4 Now if he were on earth, he would not be a priest at all, since there are priests who offer gifts according to the law. 

5 They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, “See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain.” 

6 But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises

The author of Hebrews mentions the weakness of the old system.

He then gives a very concise statement regarding Christ’s performance as mediator.

  1. Weakness of the earthly.

Hebrews 8:3-5 (ESV)

  1. Needed gifts (8:3) 

The Levitical priesthood had to secure gifts for the sacrifice.

They were not sufficient within themselves to sacrifice to God.

2. According to law (8:4) 

The Levitical priesthood was restricted by law in their system of sacrifices.

Jesus superseded the law.

3. Servants of shadows (8:5)

Even with their best intentions, the Levitical priests served only a “shadow of heavenly things.”

B. Minister of realism

Hebrews 8:6 (ESV)

Quite a contrast lies between the two areas of service.

The Levitical priesthood served in the shadows, while Christ had “a more excellent ministry.” He served in total realism.

There were no shadows in His place of ministry.

3. Promise of the Mediator. Hebrews 8:6-9.

Hebrews 8:6-9 (ESV)

6 But as it is, Christ has obtained a ministry that is as much more excellent than the old as the covenant he mediates is better, since it is enacted on better promises. 

7 For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion to look for a second.

8 For he finds fault with them when he says:

“Behold, the days are coming, declares the Lord, when I will establish a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,

9 not like the covenant that I made with their fathers on the day when I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt.

For they did not continue in my covenant, and so I showed no concern for them, declares the Lord.

A promise is only as true as the person making it.

When God promises something, it is as realistic as a historical incident.

The mediator’s ministry is built on promises from God.

  1. The better covenant.

Hebrews 8:6-7 (ESV)

The new covenant that is mediated by Christ is superior to the old covenant.

It is established on “better promises” promises involving more divine revelation of Christ.

B. The inadequate old covenant.

Hebrews 8:8 (ESV)

The very reason for the introduction of the new covenant is that the old covenant had faults.

Only an inspired writer could reveal this, for anyone else would have been accused of blasphemy.

C. The basis of the new covenant.

Hebrews 8:9 (ESV)

The people under the old covenant had broken their agreements with God, so God felt it necessary to bring a new covenant to His people.

4. Productions of the Mediator. Hebrews 8:10-12

Hebrews 8:10-12 (ESV)

10 For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, declares the Lord: I will put my laws into their minds, and write them on their hearts, and I will be their God, and they shall be my people.

11 And they shall not teach, each one his neighbor and each one his brother, saying, ‘Know the Lord,’ for they shall all know me, from the least of them to the greatest.

12 For I will be merciful toward their iniquities, and I will remember their sins no more.”

This passage notes three things the mediator accomplished through the new covenant.

  1. Spiritual covenant.

Hebrews 8:10

The mediator places God’s laws in the hearts and minds of the people, not on tablets of stone.

It is a spiritual experience.

B. Universal knowledge

Hebrews 8:11

Any person has the privilege of knowing God if the conditions of salvation are met.

C. Overwhelming love.

Hebrews 8;12

The mediator is also capable of showing love and forgiveness.

It is valuable to know that an all knowing God is able to forget our sins.

Conclusion.

The new covenant superseded the old covenant through Jesus Christ.

The old covenant was “ ready to vanish away” in Hebrews 8:13 (ESV)

13 In speaking of a new covenant, he makes the first one obsolete. And what is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to vanish away.

We are under the law of grace and love, not the legalism of sinai.

Until next time

Stay in the Blessings

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I really want to encourage you to be diligent with your Bible study time, because God has so much more for us than we can get from just going to church once or twice a week and hearing someone else talk about the Word.

When you spend time with God, your life will change in amazing ways, because God is a Redeemer.

Theres nothing thats too hard for Him, and He can make you whole, spirit, soul and body!

You’re important to God, and you’re important to us at www.refinerylife.org

When it comes to prayer, we believe that God wants to meet your needs and reveal His promises to you.

So whatever you’re concerned about and need prayer for we want to be here for you! Or even if you just want to say Hi, you can contact us

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